Chat is offline
Skip to main content

Information Literacy


Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning.

-Association of Learning and Research Libraries


What is Information Literacy

Information Literacy describes how we interact with information and how to improve those interactions. There are endless sources of information at our fingertips; for instance, Google can find millions of results in just seconds. 

People don't create all information equally, and with the overwhelming number of results, it is our responsibility to find reputable sources to improve our information literacy. 

The SCONUL (Society of College, National and University Libraries) model identifies Nine Pillars of Information Literacy. These pillars are a general guide and not a step by step process. You will likely visit these concepts out of order and revisit them as you progress.

  • Identify: Understand Your Information Need
  • Scope: Know What Is Available
  • Plan: Develop Research Strategies
  • Gather: Find What You Need
  • Evaluate: Assess Your Research Process and Findings
  • Manage: Organize Information Effectively and Ethically
  • Present: Share What You've Learned

The Information Literacy User's Guide: An Open, Online Textbook, edited by Greg Bobish and Trudi Jacobson, features useful exercises about these pillars.

Resources for Information Literacy