Library Research Guides
As with any question about citation, it is best to check with your instructor before citing images. They may have special instructions that differ from these.
What are figures? Graphs, charts, maps, drawing, photographs or screen captures
Cite 3 times:
1. In the text:
2. In the caption, underneath the figure:
Figure 1. Descriptive caption of image. From Image title, by Creator’s Name, Year of creation, Database/URL. Copyright Date by Name of Copyright Holder. Adapted/Reprinted with permission (if applicable).
3. In the reference list:
More on Image Citing, Figure and Table Building from APA:
See APA Style Blog, "Figure Construction: Resisting the Urge to Obscure".
Figure 1. Photographic image of Suzanna Moodie. Adapted from 'These vistas of desolation': Image and poetry in Margaret Atwood and Charles Pachter's The Journals of Susanna Moodie, by P. Murray, 2011, British Journal Of Canadian Studies, 24, p. 73. Copyright 2011 by British Journal of Canadian Studies. Adapted with permission
Figure 1. Pages 1 and 2 of the sample paper written in APA format. Adapted from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed. p. 41), by American Psychological Association, 2010, Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Copyright by American Psychological Association. Adapted with permission.
Figure 1. Dachshund in Mexian costume. [Photograph]. Adapted from Lee Coursey, 2006. (https://www.flickr.com/photos/leeco/282262460/sizes/o/in/photostream). In the public domain.
Figure 1. Institute for Applied Health Sciences at McMaster (IAHS) [Photograph]. Retrieved from Mohawk College Library, 2014 (http://library.mohawkcollege.ca/about-iahs.php). Copyright 2014 by Mohawk College Library. Used with permission.
Figure 1. An original line drawing of a Dachshund showing how you can make your own drawing.
No reference citation is required for a figure that contains an item you created yourself.
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